The Ambassadors of Law Enforcement: The History of the United States Marshals
There is a very rich history surrounding the United States Marshals; beginning with the lawlessness that spread throughout the land. On any given day, a western can be televised showing how the cowboys and other outlaws ran amuck and terrorized the people. The President decided it was time to do something about all of the crime and lawlessness that existed, hence, the U.S. Marshals Service. In 1790 the Marshals Service came to be, and so began the hunt for desperados and other murderous criminals and their reign.
After the induction of the first United States Marshals by the President of the then United States, George Washington, the Marshals began conducting death sentences on those who were unlucky enough to be damned by the federal court system. First US Congress established the Federal Death Penalty, for the crimes of murder, robbery that was committed in a federal jurisdiction or on the high seas or the crimes of disfigurement, treason or counterfeiting, outlaws were sentenced and immediately put to death.
The first person put to death under the new federal law was Thomas Bird; he’d committed murder on the high seas. U.S Marshal Henry Dearborn over-saw the construction of Birds coffin and the gallows in which he was hanged. The Marshals over-saw many hangings due to the federal law. Marshals did more than make sure condemned criminals were put to death. They ran the federal courts and the jail houses. The Marshals hired their own Deputies; they made arrests and handled prisoners. These are also some of the present day duties of the United States Marshals and the deputy marshals. The first Marshal to be killed in the line of duty was…
… govern the navigation of shipping, waters, commerce, seaman, towage, wharves, piers and docks, and the division enforces maritime liens, insurance, water recreation and canals. Piracy is also a concern of the Admiralty Division.More incentives of the USMS are that they have room for growth. Whether male or female, there is room for advancement. Presently a woman is the Director of the Agency. Stacia Hylton heads the USMS with pride and is respected by her peers. Director Hylton has served in some aspect of law enforcement for 32 years and counting. She has served as an instructor at the USMS training academy, she also served as Chief Deputy, District of Carolina, and the Chief of Judicial Securities Program. Hylton has been Inspector of witness security and she was the Agency’s Emergency Response Incider Commander at Ground Zero after September 11, 2001.