The Russian Revolution and George Orwell’s Animal Farm’Animal Farm’ can be read in two different ways. The first is as achild’s book about animals that can walk and talk, but the second isto understand what message the book is trying give. To understand thismessage you need to understand about the Russian revolution 1917. Inthe book ‘Animalism’ is created and in the revolution communistleaders gain power. The book directly links a person from therevolution to a character in the book. Everything that happens in thebook happens because a similar event happened in the Russianrevolution.
‘Animal Farm’ is a moral satire. It is predicting what will happen tocommunism in Russia and the fate of all revolutions that overthrowauthority. In the book Orwell uses different animals to represent thedifferent social classes that were in Russia at the time of therevolution.
· Pigs for the exploiters
· Horses for the labourers
· Dogs for the police / army
· Sheep for the blind followers.
The book shows that as long as the pigs exist they will grab power,just as the exploiters did in Russia. It also shows that all theanimals are partly to blame for the pigs gaining their power becauseat some point all the animals back down and follow the orders that thepigs give. Boxer is a good example of this. He automatically assumesthat the pigs are always right and that he should trust them no matterwhat. He adopts two slogans, ‘I will work harder’ and ‘Napoleon isalways right’. These show us how much faith he has in the pigs andoften when things aren’t going correctly he will blame himself andwork harder, even th…
…evolution hadn’t or were not likelyto catch on.
All of the points made in the essay show the direct links between theRussian revolution and George Orwell’s book ‘Animal Farm’. They showthat without this understanding and level of knowledge you cannotunderstand the full message that Orwell is trying to portray. He isshowing that the revolution cannot work no matter how hard people try.Because there will always be someone to take the power for themselves.Each person who made a difference in the Russian revolution isportrayed as an animal in the book and each ‘class’ of people is shownby a different breed of animals, for example leaders pigs, labours ashorses. If you do not understand the Russian revolution then youcannot read ‘Animal Farm’ anything more than a children’s story withtalking animals in it!