According to Gajendra and Kanka (2005, p.2) “Educational research refers to both the collection and analysis of information on the world of education”.The Aims and objectives of educational research can be to “improve practice”, which may be suggestions that arise from current research. It can also help “add knowledge” which may be adding information to existing knowledge or adding to other research projects. Research can “address gaps in knowledge”, this means highlighting areas absent or which lack from other research projects. Educational research can also “expand knowledge”, this can be finding out new information or improving, existing knowledge, this knowledge can also be “replicated”, repeating previous research to certify it. Finally educational research can “add voices of individuals to knowledge”, this is important to gain the views and opinions of people within a research area in order to “understand issues within their own concept” (Creswell 2002, in Chaudhary 2013, p.2).
There are two types of research, the first qualitative; an in-depth broad investigation, detailed analysis looking at opinions, the data collected will be rich, and will have understandings. This, according to Bell (2010, p.5) is “concerned to understand individuals perceptions of the world”
Methods, which provide this type of data, include; interviews, observations as well as focus groups. The advantages of using Qualitative methods such as those listed previously is that they can produce “an extensive base of knowledge” to complex areas of research (Ulin et el. 2005, p.9) such as children’s behavior in school. Another advantage is it will often take place in a natural environment, thus making participants more likely to be more truthful and ther…
… State university of New York press.
Church, C. and Rogers,M,M. (2006) Designing for results. Washington: Search for common ground.
Gajendra,K,V. and Kanka,M. (2005) Researching education perspectives and techniques. 3rd ed. London: Falmer press.
Jambor,T. and Gils,V,J. (ed) (2007) Several Perspectives on Children’s Play. London: Garant publishers.
Katsirikou,A. and Skiadas,H,C. (ed)(2009) Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Libraries: Theory and Applications. London: World scientific publishing.
Rubin,A. and Babbie,E. (2010) Essential Research Methods for Social Work. 2nd ed. Belmont: Brooks/Cole.
Ulin,R.P., Robinson,E.T.,Tolle,E.E. (2005) Qualitative Methods in Public Health: A Field Guide for Applied Research. San Francisco: Family health international. in Humanities a
Wellhousen, K. (2002) Innovative play concepts for early childhood. Canada: Delmar.