Essay on Causes of Temporary Labor Migration from Fiji

Fiji is an island nation in Melanesia, in the South Pacific Ocean. The estimated population of the country is about 849,000, with a total area of about 7,056 square miles. Labor migration is one of the key forces of socioeconomic development. Migration of skilled people with high levels of human capital leads to a shortage of skilled labor in the home country as well as provides an opportunity to the unemployed youths to be engaged in the labor market hence it helps in the economic growth and development of many developing countries such as Fiji.From the 1970s to the present time, Fiji remained a labor emigrant country in Pacific and this can be attributed to the influences of globalizing processes In addition to the continuing permanent Indo-Fijian emigration from the country, Fiji has been witnessing new trends in temporary labor migration whereby mostly the indigenous Fijians, including peacekeeping forces, security personnel, nurses, sportspeople and students move out of the country on temporary basis (Mohanty, 2006). Most of the indigenous Fijian migrants are moving to non-traditional areas such as the Middle East. For example, ‘more than 1,000 former Fiji military and police officers are employed in Iraq’ (Fiji Times 2005). Under the influence of globalizing processes, geographic proximity is no longer the primary driver of Fiji’s current temporary labor migration. The number of students moving to overseas on scholarship programs is also on an increase. According to Lal (2003) this is another type of mobility that leads to increased temporary migration from Fiji.The proportion of indigenous Fijian migrants to total emigration has doubled from 5 per cent in 1991 to 10 per cent in 2003 (Fiji Bureau of Statistics 1991–2…

…(accessed 7th March, 2014)• Martin, P., 2008. Another Miracle? ManagingLabour Migration in Asia.Bangkok, 20-21 September, 2008, Bangkok: United Nations.• Mohanty, M. 2001. ‘Contemporary emigration from Fiji: Some trends and issues in the post-Independence era.’ In V. Naidu, E. Vasta and C. Hawksley (eds), Current Trends in South Pacific Migration, Working Paper No. 7.• Perri 6 & Christine B., 2012. Principles of Methodology: Research Design in Social Science. London: Sage.• Robertson, R., 2005. “Has NAFTA Increased Labor Market Integration between theUnited States and Mexico?” The World Bank Economic Review, 19: 425-448.• Rosenberg, A., 2012. Philosophy of Social Science, 4th edition, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.• Samers M., 2009. Migration, Taylor &Francis Ltd, M.U.A.• Silverman, D. (ed) 2011. Qualitative Research, 3rd edition, London: Sage.

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