The Struggle in Nineteen Eighty-four (1984)
In a world controlled by a higher power, constantly living in fear ofdoing or saying something wrong, thoughts can be incriminating. Even worse,any unpure thoughts may make you disappear. Constantly being watched, andobserved without knowing. A telescreen watching every facial expression andrecording any abnormal body language and movement everywhere you go. Even inyour home there is no escape. You are unable to get away or turn off thepower of the Telescreen and “Big Brother”. This novel is of a man’s struggleagainst a totalitarian government that controls the ideas and thoughts ofits citizens.
In the novel 1984 by George Orwell the government used advanced mind readingtechniques to discover the thoughts of the people and punish those who showsigns of rebellion against the government. The novel is supposed to be aprophetic story, however, it was somewhat wrong in predicting the date whenthis government would rein. Although some themes described in the book arenow realities, some are not going to happen for some time to come and thisis why this novel continues to be overwhelming to us today.
Perhaps Orwell’s purpose for writing 1984 was to express his feelings ofhow the governments would come to control everything and anything theywished to do. It is also possible that he wanted to tell of how mind controland torture techniques could be used to make an individual or an entirenation do what the government wanted. This story shows the danger of a worldin which the government has too much control. The novel shows how thegovernment controls its people, eliminating their individuality and theessence of everything that makes a human a human.
“And if all others accepted the lie which the Party imposed-if all recordstold the same tale-then the lie passed into history and became truth. ‘Whocontrols the past’ ran the Party slogan, ‘controls the future: who controlsthe present controls the past.'” (Page 37)
Though this society is efficient, it means little since the people cannotenjoy freedom and therefore have no rights. This quote emphasizes how if youdon’t recall anything about the past you will be easily controlled by thegovernment and you will no longer have any concrete evidence.
In this novel, Orwell used the image of a man who stood in a shadow thatcovered his face.