Ramses II , ancient Egyptian Nineteenth Dynasty pharaoh (circa May 31, 1279 – about 1213 BC (July or August reign), its ruling period is the last powerful era of the new kingdom of Egypt.
He conducted a series of expeditions to restore Egyptian rule over Palestine . He had a conflict of interest in Syria with Hittite , another powerful empire of the same time . When in mid of 13th century , the king of the Hittite kingdom passed away and the new King Hadushile III took over, then the two countries concluded a peace treaty and became military alliances. The Egyptian Hittite Peace Treaty is arguably the first famous international agreement in history.
Both the Egyptian text and the Hittite text were preserved and were discovered by modern archaeologists.Perhaps due to concerns about Hittite’s military power, Ramesses II ordered the construction of a new city in the north-eastern Nile Delta and named it Peel-Lamis (meaning Rameses ‘ home).Ramesses II may be Egypt’s most famous pharaoh . His enthusiasm for large-scale civil engineering has left his mark on all parts of Egypt : he built many temples in Abidos and Rameshim ; he added new structures to the Karnak Temple and Luxor Temple ; he built The magnificent Abu Simbel Temple .
Many buildings built by former pharaohs were also engraved with his name. Ramesses II has an equally large family.Ramses II is undoubtedly one of the most important pharaohs in Egyptian history . However, the era of his reign was already on the eve of the decline of Egypt .
The country’s huge expenses have accelerated the decline of national power. After Ramosis II died, Egypt began to decline.When he passed away at the age of 91, he became the representative of Egypt .One of the most famous pharaohs in ancient Egyptian history has a legendary life.
He is a powerful king, an invincible general, an affable father and a tireless builder. Ramses II, Ramesses II, Ramesses the Great, with these auras in place, was in office for about 67 years. Until today, he still enjoys these prestige. The enemy feared him.
His subjects loved him. The gods blessed him. Ramses II, who lived in the 19th dynasty of ancient Egypt , left an indelible imprint in human history. In 67 years of his reign, he had eight queens, and countless others; there were more than 100 sons and daughters, of whom 12 sons with legitimate inheritance passed away; at the time, the average life span of the ancient Egyptians was only 40 years old.
He lived in his 90s; he liked to boast about his experienceRamesses II learned a lot without spending too much time, especially as the king needed two skills: the military to conquer the enemy and build the palace . He has achieved success both in battle and in construction. Today, there is no land in Egypt without his footprints. When his father died, Ramses II was about 25 years old, but he already had enough ambitions and tenacious self-awareness to surpass all his predecessors in his feats.According to the professor of Egyptian studies at Italy, Edda Bresciani “Propaganda is his best weapon, which plays an important role in promoting his kingdom and mission.”