link slang with a kent, as words from one and the same source – the secret language of the wandering poor – Gypsies, the more so that in the Gypsy lingo was the word slang. Grow did not find the generic term for the second part of the “low” language 19, 30.The Gypsy etymology of the term slang lasted almost until the end of the 19th century, it is also given in the famous dictionary of Hotten, which contains synonyms of slang as gibberish – gypsy jargon, flash language – a low vulgar language. He points out: slang – the language spoken by Gipseys – low, vulgar, unauthorized language.
At the end of the 19th century slang began to be considered as borrowing from Scandinavian languages. Starting from the etymological dictionary of Sket, such an interpretation of the origin of the term fell into some authoritative dictionaries of the English language. Scandinavian origin was taken by researchers such as Bradley, Wickley and Wilde 18, 30.In the twentieth century, the question of the etymology of this term is of great interest to scientists. New hypotheses arise, more or less scientifically substantiated, but have not received general recognition. For example, in the German English language, O. Ritter, as well as Horn and Lenert, believe that the word slang is the result of the agglutination of lang abbreviations with a suffix suffix in statements such as beggar’s lang (uage) -beggar slang (uage), subsequently with loss – uage 11, 104.
Domestic explorer IV Arnold indicates that slang – includes only colloquial words and expressions with coarse or playful emotional color not accepted in the literary language 2, 65.?.?. Galperin suggests to understand under the slang – the layer of vocabulary and phraseology, which manifests itself in the sphere of spoken language as conversational neologisms, which easily pass into the layer of commonly used colloquial literary vocabulary 6, 108.
Mykola Makovsky’s opinion on the dialectal origin of the slang term deserves attention, but the author of this hypothesis has not proved it by evidence. The fact that this word is in the northern dialects of England, does not yet speak of a dialect affinity: it is also witnessed in the Gypsy predatory argos 14, 16.Professor MM Makovsky draws attention to the definition given by the well-known Russian scholar Sleng V.L.
Khomyakov: Slang is “a special peripheral lexical layer that lies outside the literary spoken language and beyond the borders of dialects of the national English language, which includes, on the one hand, a layer of specific vocabulary and vocabulary of professional talks, social jargon and argot a criminal world, and, on the other hand, a layer of widespread and comprehensible emotional and expressive vocabulary and phraseology of non-literary language 19, 37.The most probable is Partridge’s hypothesis that believes that the word slang correlates with the verb sling-to utter, which testifies to the existence of such a phrase as sling words during Chaucer’s times, as well as to late slang conjugations with the same verb: sling language – to talk; sling the language – to swear fluently, to speak a foreign language; sling the bat – to speak the vernacular; sling a yarn – to relate a story, tell it a lie; sling (a person) slang – to abuse, scold violently; in the last expression slang – impertinence, abuse (the value certified since 1825) 1, 31.Thus, the etymology of the term slang is still completely uncovered and represents one of the secrets of English lexicography.