The term gothic was originally used to describe both type of Art andArchitecture. Gothic novels were given a genre of their own primarilybecause of their emotional extremes and their dark themes.
The gothic novel is a literary genre which is said to have beencreated in 1764 when Horace Walpole wrote his novel ‘The Castle ofOtranto’. The main features of gothic novels included terror, mystery,the supernatural, doom, death, curses and madness.
The term ‘gothic’ was originally used to describe both type of Art andArchitecture. Gothic novels were given a genre of their own primarilybecause of their emotional extremes and their dark themes and becauseit’s most natural settings were things like castles and monasterieswhich were part of the typical gothic architecture. Some of the firstgothic novels included ‘The Castle of Otranto’ and ‘Byronic Hero’.
By about 1840, the gothic genre had played itself out and this waspartly due to writers who were developing the genre into the horrorfiction that it later morphed into. The gothic genre did, however,have a long lasting effect and it led to a Victorian craze for ghoststories and it also had an influence on Charles Dickens who readgothic novels when he was younger and he later put the gothicmelodrama and gloomy atmosphere into his own books.
By the 1880’s, the gothic novel was revived and many authors of thetime such as Robert Louis Stevenson, Arthur Machen and Oscar Wilde allwrote gothic works. Also, it was about this time that the most famous