George Orwell’s 1984: Summary

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1984: Summary

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Nineteen eighty four is a tale of future society, a society in which independent

thinking is a crime punishable by death. This is also a society who’s leaders

are self serving and don’t set their goals for the common good by which all of

the society will benefit. The party doesn’t need to justify its selfish ways

because it holds all of the power. The symbol of the party was Big Brother. The

idealism of blind loyalty was embodied in this symbol. It was the centre of

control. The Party has set its agenda of completely controlling every single

human mind by narrowing down the complexity of human thought. They will try

accomplish this through the elimination of speech to a form where humans can no

longer think for themselves. These future citizens would not be able to commit

any crimes against the Party. There is no possible way these humans would even

think “criminal” thoughts to begin with since they had no knowledge of any crime

from personal experience or history.

The main character of this book is Winston Smith. Even though he is portrayed as

a criminal, I believe that he is a victim of a system that is criminal. All

through this book Winston’s convictions lead us to believe that he is ethical

and the Party is unjust but it is left up to the readers discretion to decide

whether he is the criminal or just a victim of a totalitarian society. The first

instance of Winstons “criminal” nature was when he bought an illegal journal,

quill and bottle of ink to record his thoughts. Although he had so called

“criminal” thoughts before, the journal seemed to bring out the more daring

ideas in him as to how to get free from the Party’s reign. This all indirectly

led to his meeting with a woman called Julia who shared his feelings and was

either very brave or very foolish because she was more open then he about her

feelings. I believe that these and the other actions following his initial

“criminal” offence are justified and that Winston Smith is not a “criminal”.

My first set of examples as to the flaws in the Party government are how they

pitted family members against each other, and how the true nature of the family

was destroyed because of this. The controlling intentions of the Party were

reflected in how children were used to spy on their parents. The toys given to

the children such as ear horns were used to listen in on the conversations of

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