It is always difficult to try and adequately define a utopian world. By definition, a utopian world is a perfect one. Unfortunately, the word perfect is notoriously relative and subject to individual interpretation. One can therefore not say that the perfect world has no murder, no crime, no alcohol, or any other such social malaises because of the possibility that someone in the world might require them for their own definition of perfection, and therefore, their definition of a utopia. It is for that reason that one cannot ever fabricate a universal definition of a word like utopia beyond the most simplest: a world where everyone is happy.
The world depicted in George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four is far from achieving the above definition. The inhabitants of the world that Orwell describes live a desolate, sad life. Happiness is contained, opinions (at least, individual ones) are restricted, and any other signs of individual thought are punished severely. However efficient this method may be in suppressing even the inklings of rebellious thought, such treatment of the people is bound to result in some form of unhappiness, whether expressed or not. On a certain level, I respect the attempts of the Party at trying to suppress thought through language in that one would not realize they were unhappy if they could not think it (assuming that language is the base of all thought), let alone express it.
All this suppression is made clear to the reader towards the end of the novel as Smith is being tortured by the all-knowing O’Brien. He reveals to Smith that the Party never intended to from a utopia, and that such an idea was laughable to them. Rather, they chose to direct their energies and attentions at obtaining total and com…
…ganda designed to make the people believe that the government was extremely successful and that any war they were waging at the time was a victorious venture. It is therefore not surprising that the protagonist in Nineteen Eighty-Four held a position in the Ministry of Truth, a function of the Party created and maintained in order to generate propaganda.
Nineteen Eighty-Four is a novel that describes a state that shares many similarities and truths with the USSR, and does so in the form of a satire. What was meant to be the best thing for the people resulted (in both cases) in a bid for power at the cost of the people’s trust and happiness. The concept of a utopia was abused in order to divert the people’s attention from the reality of the fact that all the Party(s) was interested in was its own profit and never those of the people, to be achieved at any cost.