for individuals to still work as well as fit around education, children and other occurrences. Now also in this century equal pay has now been enforced for equal work done by both men and women. This is the concept of labour rights that individuals in the same workplace be given equal pay, it is most commonly used in the context of sexual discrimination as men were often payed more than women for the same work. Minimum wage was also introduced, this is lowest remuneration that employers can legally pay their workers. This protects employers so they cannot be taken advantage of. The 21st century is a good time for employers as there are a lot of things been implemented in order to prevent inequality and discrimination in the workplace. Work environments have introduced laws such as The Equality Act, this ensures consistency in what employers and employees need to do to make their workplaces a fair environment and comply with the law.
Sanitation from the 19th to the 21st century
Many people are aware that during the 19th century living conditions in Britain’s large industrial cities were absolutely horrific. Living in the slums of London, Liverpool or Glasgow meant a constant struggle to survive. Housing conditions were terrible. Many people lived in overcrowded, damp, poorly ventilated buildings with no private toilet or washing facilities. Sewage ran through the streets and polluted the wells from which people collected their drinking water. Not surprisingly disease was widespread in Britain’s cities with thousands dying from cholera, typhus and typhoid.
Until the early 20th century, the living conditions in the UK were far from healthy. An organized effort to safeguard public health was essentially non-existent and contagious diseases swept through urban areas. In the early 20th century a Ministry of Health was set up to look after sanitation, health care and disease, as well as the training of doctors, nurses and dentists, and maternity and children’s welfare.
Sanitation has improved and came along way since the 19th century streets are much cleaner and sanitary as it someone’s job and duty to ensure the streets are clean. As well as this sewage works are controlled so it doesn’t run through the streets and attract vermin. Also GP’s provide vaccinations for citizens so that they are immune to any outbreaks of disease. Vaccinations are also available in schools; nurses will visit school organisations to vaccinate children.