The novel 1984 is written by George Orwell post war as a depiction of the future. Only three superstates exist: Oceania, Eurasia and Eastasia. The novel takes place in Airstrip One, Oceania, which is the novel’s version of present day London. The superstate Oceania is a totalitarian state and is dictated by an enigmatic figure named Big Brother, who may not even exist. A group called the Inner Party works for Big Brother and everything they do is part of the effort to gain total control over the inhabitants of Oceania. With no liberty, rights, or independent actions, the citizens of Oceania become less human and are instead more like faithful robots of the Party. In the novel 1984, by George Orwell, the citizens of Oceania are deprived of individualism as a result of the manipulation the government exerts to gain control over the individuals physically, emotionally and psychologically.The citizens experience a deficiency of identity as a result of the way the government physically controls them. Big Brother monitors every move each individual makes; nothing goes unnoticed. Every face made, the way one’s body reacts to different situations, everything said and everything done, is overseen by the government. If the way one acts is abnormal, it is believed that citizen is rebelling: “The smallest thing could give you away. A nervous tic, an unconscious look of anxiety, a habit of muttering to yourself…” (Orwell 65). The Party keeps everyone under constant surveillance using telescreens. A telescreen is a device that is both a television and a security camera. Big Brother also exercises physical control by forcing all citizens to watch specific broadcasts, wear specific clothing and perform specific tasks. Citizens are forced to pa…
…ntrols the citizens’ emotions, everyone under their control becomes predictable. Citizens not only become predictable though emotional control but psychological control as well. Through altering the past and eliminating the ability for people to effectively express thoughts and opinions the government is successful in employing their tactics to create a perfect subservient homogeneous society. With the inability to have individual thoughts, beliefs, emotions, and experiences, one cannot be unique. As shown, the manipulation Big Brother exerts takes away the individualism of the citizens of Oceania and leaves them as nothing but obedient servants of the Party.
Orwell, George, and Erich Fromm. 1984: A Novel. New York, NY: Signet Classic, 1961. Print.
Campbell, W. John. The Book of Great Books: A Guide to 100 World Classics. New York: Metro, 2000. Print.