Writing Techniques of George Orwell
I think the use of words such as ‘it’, ‘thing’, ‘something’, ‘somekind’ are used in a way to install fear of the unknown the words shapeWinston’s thoughts letting fear wind its way through the tendrils ofhis thoughts. You don’t know what it is, it may be so frightening youwill die of shock, the trouble is you simply don’t know and lack ofknowledge can be a very scary thing, if you know what something isthen you have the possibility of confronting it and finding it not sobad at all.
O’Brian manipulated and brainwashed Winston so well that it wasimpossible for him to keep to his original beliefs and die for hiscause. The power and torture was too much for him to handle.
Orwell uses short sentences and unnecessary detail to delay the actionand slow it down to create suspense, here are two examples
‘It seemed to reach Winston from far away. The rats were fighting;they were trying to get at each other through the partition. He heardalso a deep groan of despair. That, too, seemed to come from outsidehimself.’
Here Orwell’s short sentences bring home Winston’s fear utter despairin thinking he knew what would be happening to him
‘I have pressed the first lever,’ said O’Brien. ‘You understand theconstruction of this cage. The mask will fit over your head, leavingno exit. When I press this other lever, the door of the cage willslide up. These starving brutes will shoot out of it like bullets.Have you ever seen a rat leap through the air? They will leap on toyour face and bore straight into it. Sometimes they attack the eyesfirst. Sometimes they burrow through the cheeks and devour thetongue.’
Here Orwell is creating suspense and fear with the…
…losing on his face” Winston was mindlessin his absolute fear and despair, then a tiny fragment of hopeglimmered into his mind, he was frantic to push the punishmentanywhere but onto himself, he finally realised the only thing was hisdenouncement of Julia, to pass the punishment on to herself, forgottenwas the love the passion they had shared, self preservation finallykicked in, every man for himself in the end, as well we all know veryfew people would be willing to suffer endless torture and die for us,we do what it necessary to survive which is what Winston finallydoes. The Party had won in the end, he was a broken man.
The point of view expressed in this story is a third person point ofview the narrator is not part of the story but in the minds of thecharacters like the all seeing eye or an omniscient presenceoverlooking the proceedings.