Economic standards in most parts of the world

Economic Development is Good or Bad for Environment
In 1830s. When Richard Roberts was introduced power loom to substitution with hand production methods, people was began to use machines for efficient production. Nowadays, the economic development is changing our lives to be more convenient, When rich countries today are compared to their own history, there is a vast difference in the standards of living (Weil, 2013). As Weil (2013, p. 22) observes, there has been an unprecedented increase in living standards in most parts of the world over the last half century. While the life expectancy of a person born in Japan in 1880 was 35 years, today the life expectancy in Japan has gone up to 83 years. Also, the average worker in the United States would have had to work for 333 hours to buy a refrigerator. Today, a better refrigerator can be bought in 20% of that time by an average worker. While having a reading light in the night was once a luxury which only the very rich could afford, today about 75% of the world has access to electricity in their homes (Weil, 2013, p. 22). at the same time it also gives rise to environmental pollution. There has two group of people had the different attitude at environment and development.
Economic Development have unavoidable conflict between with environment, humans gain wealth by plundering the resources form nature. During the developing economy flying, there is 7.6 billion population in the earth at today, that is five times of one hundred years ago (World Meters). Uncontrolled population growth was negative impact for any country and environment. As we know, China has the most population in this world, but space for people to live is limited. Because of dense population, it can trigger the problem of housing; the food supplying and big amount of garbage pollution to the environment. Limiting population growth is a good way to result in a higher standard of living and will preserve the environment. We have limit resource on the earth, developing economy can lending global conflict with source of energy (oil war). Oil has been an essential condition of industrial economies and modern militaries. At last hundred years, oil was became a main reason for war(2016, Michael Peck). In grow and develop the economy, In fact, oil meets 97 per cent of the UK transport sector demand. In addition, it also benefits our lives in being vital to the production of many everyday essentials. Oil’s refined products are used to manufacture almost all chemical products, such as plastics, fertilisers, detergents, paints and even medicines, plus a whole host of other products that you might not expect. So economy necessarily needs ‘nutrient’ on sources of high-quality energy. Nevertheless, in a study of the cost of pollution in China, The World Bank (2007a) states that although strong economic growth in China over the last quarter of the century has had positive impacts on the environment due to improved resource utilisation, increased energy efficiency, pollution control efforts, technologies which are cleaner and more energy efficient, and implementation of policies for environmental pollution control, new challenges have also been created. For instance, energy consumption increased by 70% from 2000 to 2005, coal consumption increased by 75%, air pollution emissions have either gone up or remained the same, and surface water quality deteriorated from 2000 to 2005. This has led to not just increased pollution, but also a depletion of resources in general. We emit carbon dioxide to the atmosphere in enormous quantities by so much fossil fuel burning, it result in pollution and greenhouse effect. No one wants to stop economic progress that could give millions better lives. But we must insist on sustainable development that combines environmental care, social justice and economic growth. Earth cannot support unrestricted growth.

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