Stephen Crane uses several different poetic and stylistic devices in his lyrical organic poem, “Do not weep, maiden, for war is kind”. For instance, the structure of the poem is made up of five stanzas. The purpose of the poem is to explain to readers the horror and distraction that comes with war. “These men where born to drill and die”-Lines 19. War also comes between families and loved, ones tearing them apart. “Mother…/… shroud of your son”-23-24. Dominant devices prevailing in the poem are tone/mood, diction, imagery, and sound devices.
The tone present in this poem is one of sarcasm. The poet uses a sarcastic tone to mock war, this persuades readers that death caused by war is horrific. Stephen Crane uses verbal irony when stating that “War is kind”-Line 5, but later mentions “These men were born to drill and die”-Line 8 and “A field where a thousand corps lie”-Line 11. Men being born for the purpose of dying and a large holocaust does not demonstrate the kindness of war, thus conveying the poet’s tone. The mood prevalent in the poem is sadness and sympathy. As through the stanza’s the poet directs his attention to three different women when addressing the matter of war. At first the poet
is speaking to a maiden who has lost her husband to the cruelty of war; “Do not weep, maiden…/Because your lover”-Lines 1/2. Then he turns his attention to the soldier’s daughter “Do not weep, babe…/Because your father”-Lines 12/13. Finally in the fifth stanza the poet is communicating with the soldiers mother, “Mother whose heart hung…/… shroud of your son”-Lines 23/24. The poet does this hoping that readers will feel sympathetic towards these women and spreading sadness through his poem.
Style is the special way an poet c…
…”-Line 8; the ‘d’ sound being repeated. A second example is “heart hung humble”-Line 23, where here the ‘h’ sound is repeated several times; this sound is heard as if someone is heavy heartedly exhaling which is relevant to the mother who has lost her son. Lastly, “great is the Battle-God great”-Line 10, in this line the ‘g’ sound is being repeated.The lyrical organic poem “Do not weep, maiden, for war is kind” by Stephan Crane has many poetic and stylistic devices incorporated in it. Such as a sarcastic tone, and a mood of sympathy and sadness. Another device found is informal diction demonstrated through military jargon, figures of speech (simile and oxymorons), and connotations. Visual imagery is present in the poem as vivd pictures cross your mind while reading it. Lastly onomatopoeia, rhythm, and alliteration were sound devices used by the poet Stephan Crane.