A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens
A Christmas carol was written in 1843, by Charles Dickens, who wasborn in 1812 at Portsea, in Hampshire.
A Christmas Carol as a great success. In its text, were many socialissues that concerned Dickens. He wanted to highlight the plight ofbad working conditions, child labour and the poor education system, atthe time of writing. Dickens knew that the poor could be helped by therich upper class.
Dickens drew Scrooge as a stereotypical figure as he compared him tothe rich men, who miserly gave nothing to the poor. Scrooge had a meanlook, a grey-haired, cold look. He was a “tight-fisted hand at thegrindstone”, “a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching,covetous old sinner!” he gave nothing to anybody. He had lots ofmoney, but was never generous with it.
The way he treated the poor represented the way that the Victorianupper class treated the needy; he had no time to help others. Dickenswanted to change what Scrooge represented.
Stave One begins with the emphasis that Marley – Scrooges old businesspartner -, was dead. “Old Marley was as dead as a door-nail”.
Marley was much like Scrooge. They were both tight-fisted, mean andcold. Scrooge was his only friend, “his sole executor of the will”,his “Sole administrator”, “his sole assign, his sole friend and hissole mourner”.
Scrooge was as “solitary as an Oyster”, “the cold within his features,nipped his pointed nose, shrivelled his cheek, stiffened his gait(walk), made his eyes red, his thin lips blue and spoke out shrewdlyin his grating voice. A frost rhyme was on his head, and on hiseyebrows, and his wiry chin. He carried his own low temperature,always about with him”. This is the main description of Scrooge in thebook. His appearance makes him seem unsympathetic.
Marley was exactly the same as Scrooge. He had been the closest livingperson to Scrooge on earth. It was difficult to tell them apart, “no