Potential Energy – stored energy available to do work. An example of potential energy is a roller coaster at the top of a hill. 2. Endocytosis – form of transportation in which the cell membrane engulfs extracellular material.An example of Endocytosis in the human body is white blood cells.
3. Fermentation – metabolic pathway in the cytoplasm in which NADH from glycolysis reduces pyruvate.Fermentation in your bodies muscles produce lactic acid when you have too little oxygen during exercise.
4. Metabolism – the biochemical reactions of a cellYour body’s metabolism is working very hard to process all the carbohydrates you ate today.5. Aerobic – requiring the presences of air or free oxygen for life.
During aerobic respiration carbon dioxide is given off.6. Osmosis – simple diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane.Osmosis occurs in plants when the roots uses water from the soil.7. Photosynthesis – biochemical reactions that enable organisms to harness sunlight energy to manufacture organic molecules.
Plants need sunlight and nutrients for photosynthesis to take place.8. Adenosine Triphosphate – (ATP)a molecule whose high-energy phosphate bonds power many biological processes. Your cells need adenosine triphosphate or ATP in order to have energy or they will die.
9. Activation Energy – energy required for a chemical reaction to begin.If the activation energy is decreased the reaction is greater. 10.
Kinetic Energy – energy being used to do work; energy of motion.The faster the man ran the more kinetic energy he used.